Cancer is a very lethal disease in which there is unwanted and uncontrolled division of cells takes place. This uncontrolled division of cells is so much dangerous for the health of the individuals and can be easily understand by the sign and symptoms of the cancer and also by its complications and relapse. There are numerous types of cancer and advanced technologies have improved the treatment methods and quality of life of the patients but still this disease is very terrible and miserable. Some cancer types are common than others so here we have the list of 10 Most Common Types Of Cancer In The USA. Every one should have complete information regarding these types of cancer as awareness is extremely important.
10. Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer or uterine cancer is the cancer of the uterus and is the most common gynecologic cancer in developed countries. Its risk factors include obesity, endometrial hyperplasia, hypertension and high levels of estrogen. It is common type of cancer in the United States and about 15–25 per 100,000 women develop endometrial cancer annually.
9. Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer is a disease in which there in uncontrolled cell growth begins in the thyroid gland. There are four main types of thyroid cancer that include follicular, papillary, anaplastic and medullary thyroid cancer depending on the appearance of cells under microscope. Approximately 60,220 new cases were diagnosed and 1,850 deaths occurred due to thyroid cancer in the United States in 2013. The most effective treatment of thyroid cancer is surgical removal, however radiotherapy and chemotherapy can also be used. Its most common symptom is lump in the neck.
8. Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the cancer of the lymphocytes or white blood cells and its most common symptom is swollen lymph nodes, while other symptoms include weight loss and fever. There are about thirty different types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma that vary in severity from indolent to aggressive. According to National Cancer Institute approximately 69,740 new cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed in the United States in 2013 and about 19,020 people died because of it. It can occur at any age and treatment depends on the type of lymphoma.
7. Bladder Cancer
It is common cancer type in which there is uncontrolled cell growth occurs in bladder and blood in the urine is the most common symptom of bladder cancer, the other symptoms include frequent urination, painful urination or have feeling to urinate without being capable to do so. It is possible to treat with chemotherapy, surgery and radiation therapy. In the United States, over 50,000 men and 16,000 women are diagnosed with this cancer annually. According to National Cancer Institute approximately 72,570 new cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed in the United States in 2013 and approximately 15,210 deaths occurred because of it.
6. Renal Cancer
Renal cancer also known as kidney cancer is a cancer type that originates in the cells of the kidney. The two common types of renal cancer include renal cell carcinoma and urothelial cell carcinoma. The different cancer types develop in different way and therefore have different prognosis and treatment. The common sign and symptoms of renal cancer are hematuria, mass in the abdomen, persistent pain in the abdomen, loss of weight and appetite, temperature and heavy sweating. In early stages of this cancer, the sign and symptoms may be absent. Tobacco, obesity and hypertension are strong risk factors for renal cancer. According to the US’ NIH estimation for 2013 approximately 64,770 new of kidney cancer were diagnosed and 13,570 people died of this disease.
5. Colorectal Cancer
This cancer is a cancer in which there is uncontrolled cell division occurs in the colon or rectum or in the appendix and is also known as colon cancer, bowel cancer or rectal cancer. The sign and symptoms of colorectal cancer depend on the area of tumor and include anemia, weight loss, loss of appetite, worsening of constipation and blood in stool.
The causes of this cancer include increasing age and lifestyle with only a few cases that are associated with some underlying genetic disease. Screening is very effective in detecting this cancer whereas localized bowel cancer is commonly diagnosed via colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy. According to NCI, in the USA in 2013, 102,480 people were diagnosed with colon cancer and 40,340 with rectal cancer whereas 50,830 people were died of colorectal cancer. In the world over one million individuals suffer from colorectal cancer each year. The lifetime risk of developing this cancer in the people of USA is about 1 in 20.
4. Breast Cancer
It is a sort of cancer that originates from breast tissue and commonly its first sign is a breast lump or an abnormal mammogram. It is the most invasive cancer in women, world widely. There are different stages of this disease and the primary risk factors of this disease are female gender and older age whereas the other risks include genetics, lack of breastfeeding, obesity, increased levels of certain hormones and some dietary patterns. It is the second leading cancer killer in women after lung cancer as about 1 in 8 women in the United States will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime.
Breast cancer mostly develops in females but it can also develop in males but the incidence is about 1 in 1,000.According to National Cancer Institute, 232,340 new cases of breast cancer were diagnosed in females and 2,240 in males whereas 39,620 deaths occurred in female and 410 deaths in male in the USA, in 2013.
3. Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a gland of male reproductive system known as prostate and can also spread to other body parts, particularly the lymph nodes and bones. It usually occurs in older men and can cause pain, difficulty in urination, erectile dysfunction or death. The other symptoms develop during late stages of this disease. It is the second most leading cause of cancer deaths in men in the United States, about 1 man in 36 will die because of this aggressive cancer.
Many men suffering from prostate cancer never have symptoms, undergo no treatment and ultimately die because of other unrelated causes. According to National Cancer Institute approximately 238,590 new cases were diagnosed and 29,720 deaths occurred because of this disease in the USA, in 2013. Digital rectal exam and PSA screenings can be helpful in early detection of this lethal cancer.
2. Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the second most common type of cancer in the USA but it is the most lethal type of cancer. It is a disease in which there is uncontrolled cell growth takes place in lung’s tissues and if left untreated then it can metastasize into nearby tissues and other body parts. The types of lung cancer include small cell lung carcinoma and non small cell lung carcinoma. The common symptoms of this lethal disease are coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath and weight loss. The most common cause of this cancer is prolonged exposure to tobacco smoke that is responsible for 80-90% of lung cancers, the other causes include combination of genetic factors, asbestos, radon gas, air pollution and passive smoking.
Treatment and prognosis of this disease depend upon the cancer type, stage and overall individual’s health. Common treatment methods include chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery. It is the top most cancer killer in the United States of America and is responsible for almost 29% of cancer deaths in that country. During 2013, approximately 228,160 new cases of lung cancer were diagnosed and 159,480 deaths occurred because of this lethal disease in the United States. The lifetime risk of developing lung cancer in the United States is 6% in women and 8% in men.
1. Skin Cancer
The most common type of cancer in the USA is skin cancer. There are three main types of skin cancer including squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer type but it is also the least dangerous type, squamous cell carcinoma is less common but can spread easily and if left untreated then it can be fatal whereas melanoma is the least common but it is the most destructive type, most likely to expand, and if left untreated, become lethal. Anyone can suffer from skin cancer, but it is more common in individuals who have light colored hair, eyes and skin, spend a tremendous time in the sun, have positive family history and are of age more than fifty.
There are a number of signs and symptoms that represent skin cancer including alterations in the skin that do not recover, discoloring of skin, skin ulceration and alterations in existing moles like enlargement of the mole and irregular edges of the mole.The treatment of skin cancer is generally through surgical removal while other treatment methods include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologic therapy and photo dynamic therapy.
In the United States, over 3.5 million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed each year, making it the most common cancer type in that country. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, if there are five Americans then one of them will develop this cancer at some stage of their lives.
Approximately 2.8 million people are diagnosed annually with basal cell carcinoma and approximately 700,000 cases of squamous cell carcinoma are diagnosed annually in the United Sates. Melanoma is the most aggressive skin cancer type, it affects almost five percent of the individuals that are diagnosed with skin cancer, but is responsible for more than seventy five percent of all skin cancer deaths.